China's exports up the most in 18 months
China's exports rose for the third consecutive month in August, eclipsing an extended fall in imports, as more trading partners relaxed coronavirus lockdowns in a further boost to recovery in the world's second-biggest economy.
Exports in August rose a solid 9.5 per cent from a year earlier, customs data showed on Monday, marking the strongest gain since March 2019.
The figure also beat analysts' expectations for 7.1 per cent growth and compared with a 7.2 per cent increase in July.
Imports however slumped 2.1 per cent, compared with market expectations for a 0.1 per cent increase and extending a 1.4 per cent fall in July.
The strong exports suggest a faster and more balanced recovery for the Chinese economy, which is rebounding from a record first-quarter slump thanks largely to domestic stimulus measures "China's exports continue to defy expectations and to grow significantly faster than global trade, thus gaining global market share," said Louis Kuijs of Oxford Economics.
A private survey on manufacturing activity last week showed Chinese factories reported the first increase in new export orders this year in August as overseas demand slowly revives. The pick-up in business also led to a further expansion in production, marking the sharpest gain in almost a decade.
China's export performance, boosted by record shipments of medical supplies and robust demand for electronic products, has not been as severely affected by the global slowdown as some analysts had feared.
All the same, some analysts cautioned that the stronger exports reflected in part the base effects of the year-ago weakness.
Imports unexpectedly slipped further into contraction, suggesting softer domestic demand.
But imports were largely stable in terms of volume, said Julian Evans-Pritchard of Capital Economics, in a note.
"With credit growth still accelerating and infrastructure-led stimulus still ramping up, import volumes should remain strong in the coming months," he said.
Copper imports in August eased from the previous month's all-time high, as an arbitrage window to bring in overseas metal shut and demand from key consumption sectors slowed. Coal imports slipped 20.8 per cent from the month before. Iron ore imports fell 10.9 per cent from July but rose from a year earlier on resilient demand for steel.
China posted a trade surplus of $US58.93 billion last month, compared with the poll's forecast for a $US50.50 billion surplus and $US62.33 billion surplus in July.
The outlook is still far from rosy as external demand could suffer if virus control measures have to be re-imposed by trade partners later this year on a resurgence of the epidemic.
China also is looking to reduce its reliance on overseas markets for its development as US hostility and the pandemic increase external risks that could hamper longer-term progress.
China remains well behind on its pledge to boost purchases of US goods under an agreement that was launched in February.
China's trade surplus with the US widened to $US34.24 billion in August from $US32.46 billion in July.
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